What are the 17 SDGs ?
These startups tackles the SDGs
Goal 1: No Poverty
According to UN data, one in 10 people in developing nations still live with their families on less than $1.90 per day. That means there are many millions of people worldwide who fall in or around this income amount. In just over 10 years, the Sustainable Development Goals aim to eradicate extreme poverty in its entirely, which is defined by persons living on less than $1.25 per day. The No Poverty goal also encompasses loftier components, including that the poor gain equal rights to economic resources.
Goal 2: Zero Hunger
Currently, one in nine people in the world (~815 million) are considered undernourished, with the majority in developing countries. The Zero Hunger goal is seeking to change this by eradicating all forms of hunger by 2030. This includes bringing more sustainable food production systems and technologies into the fold, doubling the output and income of small-scale food producers, and ensuring there is sufficient genetic diversity preserved in staple crop seeds.
Goal 3: Good Health & Well-Being
Not every couple who wants to is able to easily conceive a child. After delivery, we also now understand the health factors that most contribute to childhood mortality. Fortunately, the number of childhood deaths is declining; however, more than five million children still die before their fifth birthday each year. The Good Health and Well-Being Goal focuses on reducing these numbers to less than 70 deaths per 100,000 births by 2030, in addition to putting an end to all preventable deaths due to disease.
Goal 4: Quality Education
The United States is divided by rampant inequality in public education. Around the world though, there are much more staggering educational disparity, with 57 million primary-aged children that are not even attending school. Further, 50 percent of those children are living on conflict-impacted areas, which make it even more challenging to make changes in these areas, or even simply for parents to leave and relocate. The Quality Education goal is designed to “ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable, and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and Goal-4 effective learning outcomes.” This includes equal access for people at a disadvantage, such as providing opportunities to women who are interested in technical or vocational education tracts.
Goal 5: Gender Equality
According to the UN, 750 million women and girls alive today were married off before the age of 18, and at least 200 million women and girls in 30 countries have been subjected female genital mutilation. Among these numbers are 18 countries that allow husbands to legally prevent their wives from working, and 49 countries that lack laws protecting women from domestic violence. The General Equality goal is designed to end all forms of violence against women and girls in both public and private spheres. This includes ending all sex trafficking as well as other forms of exploitation such as forced childhood marriage.
Goal 6: Water & Sanitation
People need access to both clean drinking water and acceptable forms of sanitation. Only 7 in 10 people have access to safe drinking water, and 6 in 10 lack proper sanitation facilities. Fortunately, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of the global population using an improved drinking water source has increased from 76 per cent to 90 per cent. The Water and Sanitation goal seeks to ensure access to water and sanitation for all.
Goal 7: Affordable & Clean Energy
According to the UN, 13 percent of the world population does not have access to modern electricity. Another 3 billion rely on resources such as wood and coal to cook and heat their homes, which produce harmful airborn pollutants. Greenhouse gas emissions from human activity are already changing our climate, and will have substantially more drastic effects in just a few decades. The Affordable and Clean Energy goal is designed to create access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy.
Goal 8: Decent Work & Economic Growth
The way people work is changing, and AI and other technologies will replace many existing jobs over the next decade. Although the global unemployment rate hit a new low in 2017, 61 percent of workers are involved in some form of informal employment. The Decent Work and Economic Growth goal is designed to foster sustainable and equitable economic growth for all workers. This means achieving “higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors.”
Goal 9: Industry, Innovation, Infrastructure
There are many parts of the world that still lack access to mobile broadband networks (16%), and infrastructure places an outsized economic constraint on developing countires. The Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure SDG is designed to build a resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation across the globe. The key emphasis is on developing reliable and sustainable infrastructural solutions that support economic development as well as human well being, while also ensuring financial affordability.
Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities
Like Goal 5 focusing on Gender inequalities, Goal 10 broadens scope to all forms of inequality experienced both within and among counties and economic divides. Most of the rich world relies on the labor of developing nations to manufacture clothing and technology consumer products, but underdeveloped countries consistently miss out on many economic benefits due to structural income inequalities. The Reduced Inequalities goal is designed to empower and promote all countries to lower all forms of inequalities, especially for those individuals negatively impacted due to their age, sex, disability, ethnicity, or religion.
Goal 11: Sustainable Cities & Communities
The world is growing, with 3.5 billion currently living in cities. In the next decade that number is set to hit 5 billion. However, 95 percent of urban expansion is set to occur in the developing world, with another 833 million otherwise left to live in sprawling slums. The Sustainable Cities and Communities goal is set to ensure everyone has access to safe and affordable housing, including access to basic services like water sanitation and transportation.
Goal 12: Responsible Consumption & Production
Current levels of rich-world consumption are unsustainable from a climate standpoint. The developed world needs to lead the way by reinventing many of its industries, to decrease the carbon impact and the material waste costs associated with many facets now considered normal in modern life. From fossil fuels, to packaging, to agricultural phosphorous: if available energy, clean air, and clean water are rights that humanity intends to pass onto future generations, the developed world must aggressively support its transitions towards greener energy and increasingly closed-circle product lifecycles. The Responsible consumption and production goal is a lofty one, outlining a 10-year framework. The framework offers a plan to drastically reduce food waste, begin making more environmentally sound decisions, and help encourage companies to adopt increasingly sustainable practices in all forms of their business.
Goal 13: Climate Action
Humans activities, primarily associated with fossil fuel consumption, have already created unprecedented changes in atmospheric composition, the result of which is expected to drive increasingly drastic climate change trends and more frequent extreme weather events into the foreseeable future. In the 2016 Paris Climate Agreement, the signatories of which include 195 parties, global leaders took an important step towards beginning to mobilize the solutions for avoiding the worst possible climate outcomes. The SDG Climate Action goal is designed to educate, mitigate, and change how humans impact the planet we live on.
Goal 14: Life Below Water
The majority of our planet is covered by water, and over 3 billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their economic needs. Wecome as these efforts are, unfortunately a ban on straws and plastic bags will still not be enough to reverse the human impacts on global oceans. The Life Below Water goal is designed to conserve and only sustainably make use oceans, seas, and marine resources.
Goal 15: Life on Land
Like our oceans, the way humans impact our land is also not sustainable. Deforestation and the destruction of sensitive ecosystems like wetlands and drylands are contributing to massive and likely irreversible losses of genetic diversity and species biodiversity. The Life on Land goal plans to sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, and halt biodiversity loss. Specifically in the next 10 years, the UN wants to have identified proven strategies to combat desertification, restore degraded land, and reduce drought and flood stricken areas.
As a result, startups that can demonstrate scalable reforestation strategies or other terrestrial ecosystems preservation technologies are of huge interest to governments and industry alike, each of which area eager to identify investment strategies that can prove to be sustainable from both an environmental and financial perspective.
Goal 16: Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions
According to the UN, “corruption, bribery, theft, and tax evasion cost some US $1.26 trillion for developing countries per year; this amount of money could be used to lift those who are living on less than $1.25 a day above $1.25 for at least six years.” SDG 16 is designed to Promote just, peaceful, and inclusive societies. This means the end of abuse and exploitation in all forms against children, a reduction in all forms of violence, and the promotion of the rule of law.
Goal 17: Partnerships For the Goals
Perhaps the loftiest Sustainable Development Goal is that of the Partnerships for the Goals. This final goal is focused on the revitalizing the global partnership for sustainable development, and bringing the entire world together in a collective effort to accomplish the other 16 Sustainable Development Goals. From financial and social inclusion, to developing cleaner and lower carbon energy technologies, to providing specialized support in vulnerable developing regions, global partnerships collectively representing an unprecedented scale of human cooperation will be needed to achieve truly sustainable development.
LEADERSHIP & RESOURCEFULNESS
We believe you have the potential to make a huge impact on this world.
This is your chance to step forward and take action.
When we work in multi national teams we diversify our perspective. Become an international entrepreneur rather than a local one.
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Every project we mentor should have a positive impact on humanity at it’s core. Start from thinking how can you make this world better.